Mobile Court Meaning

The second type of mobile court is that the competent courtrooms of magistrates, oath inspectors and court interpreters reach these remote areas by rowboats, vehicles or light aircraft. In most of these mobile hearings, relevant officials from other government departments will also travel with court staff to assist with administrative and related matters. A circuit court is a court set up in a vehicle that can move from one location to another according to a well-prepared plan and schedule. Mobile places will be a great relief for the rural population. Thus, it fulfills all functions. If strictly followed, the system would reduce the burden on higher courts, reduce the number of appeals and create transparency. Steps should be taken to establish more mobile courts throughout the country. Justice Zainun Ali is a judge of the Federal Court of Malaysia. She has held various legal and judicial positions, including Judicial Commissioner of the High Court of Malaysia, Judge of the High Court and Judge of the Court of Appeal. Justice Zainun Ali recently shared her views on Malaysia`s mobile courts with UNODC as part of the organization`s ongoing work to promote equal access to justice.

All opinions expressed in this article are solely those of the author as an external expert and do not necessarily reflect the official position of UNODC. Without a birth certificate, a child would not be eligible to enrol in formal education and obtain an identity card, and subsequently the rights and privileges of Malaysian citizenship are denied. Sabah and Sarawak are subject to their state laws governing the registration of births and deaths. Mobile court judges normally apply the following procedure in accordance with their powers under the relevant regulations. The biological applicant registered late must inform the court that he intends to prove the validity of his application, by calling witnesses willing to confirm the applicant`s application. In general, crime rates and civil litigation in these regions are relatively low. Although there are no statistics, it can be said that one of the most pressing problems is the late or non-late registration of births and deaths. However, according to a recent publication in local media, these mobile courts had facilitated the birth registration of more than 87,000 children by December last year. The importance of child birth registration cannot be underestimated. Despite their many advantages, mobile places are not without challenges, the most important being security.

The protection of witnesses and victims during interrogation is usually the subject of a detailed strategy. However, how do we ensure continuity of security measures after hearings are over? Unfortunately, participation in the trial almost always exposes victims, whether in a courtroom or in a village square. Given the number of cases pending before the courts, the recent opening of the country`s first mobile court in Mewat District, Haryana, is commendable. In order to rule on the case, the Bukavu Military Court decided to move some hearings to the two areas concerned. Otherwise, how could they hear more than 300 victims scattered in a region almost the size of Switzerland! Finally, due to logistics, mobile courts are held for a short period of time, usually a few days. Unlike the usual procedures, in which several cases are dealt with simultaneously, the Court of Justice is devoted exclusively to ongoing proceedings. This promotes the rapid pace of justice. Geographical and physical disadvantage meant that access to justice was extremely difficult for them. Their physical exclusion from courtroom space requires the court to address them if the symbolic function and integrity of the court is to be preserved.

Mobile courts therefore play a very important role in strengthening public legitimacy, trust and confidence in the integrity and administration of justice. This would increase awareness of the justice system among the rural masses, reduce costs for them and bring justice to their doorstep. These tribunals should ensure that hearings are not unnecessarily postponed. These mobile locations are advantageous for at least four reasons. First and foremost, they facilitate victims` access to the trial. For practical reasons, since they do not have to travel physically to testify, but also for psychological reasons: a familiar and safe environment can facilitate the speech of victims. This is especially important when crimes have been committed recently or can potentially lead to stigma, such as sexual violence. Short essay on mobile courts – Delays in judicial decision-making are a well-known fact. There are lakhs of pending cases in various courts across the country. The mobile court is equipped to receive complaints, civil and criminal complaints, grant bail and pre-trial detention, issue summonses, receive police reports, record evidence, issue and execute decrees and sentences, impose sentences and sentence convicts. It shall also provide certified copies of its decisions and judgments.

Major trials in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, such as the Kokodikoko, Mutarule and Kavumu cases, all have a common practice: mobile courts. Better access for victims, faster justice and deterrence, here are some explanations of this rapidly evolving practice. One wonders how many issues are dealt with by these courts. They range from issues of citizenship, late registration of births and deaths, marriage, family and probate, to various crimes such as illegal use of firearms and illegal logging. This lack of access to justice also means that something had to work. The Malaysian judicial system, headed by the then Chief Justice of Sabah and Sarawak, Tan Sri Richard Malanjum, created the unique system of mobile courts. It works in two ways: the first is a system in which vehicles are converted into « mobile courtrooms », each composed of a judge, an official under oath and an interpreter, with its mobile computer equipment and recording systems. These vehicles will traverse the difficult terrain inside, where court officials provide legal assistance and justice to those in need. Entire villages would be attracted to these mobile courts – because it could be the rare opportunity to defend one`s rights and obtain justice. This « local justice », primitive as it may seem, is an important element of the fundamental principle of a well-functioning judicial system committed to the rule of law.

It is a way to fairly and peacefully resolve disputes between people living in remote places to which they are entitled. Several trials in the Democratic Republic of the Congo have recently taken an unusual form: mobile or mobile courts. These extraordinary hearings do not take place in the courthouse of a major city, but directly in the areas where the crimes were committed. In other words, the whole court, with its prosecutors, clerks, lawyers and defendants, is getting closer to the victims. A logistical tour de force with several dozen people on the way. Due to distance and remoteness, the dates of the mobile courts are published in advance through radio advertisements and publications in local newspapers. As exotic as it may seem, assessing the problems and problems in the vastness of Inner Malaysia is certainly not an easy task.